- Ancient Greek Titaness and goddess of divine order, law, natural law and custom. Sea nymph, goddess of water and one of the fifty Nereids, daughters of the ancient sea god Nereus. Also a shapeshifter and a prophet. Goddess of prosperity and fortune. One of the Muses, the muse of astronomy and astrology.
- Greek Symbols and their translations and meanings. The Minotaur In Greek mythology, the Minotaur was a creature that was part man and part bull.1 It dwelt at the center of the Labyrinth, which was an elaborate maze-like construction2 built for King Minos of Crete and designed by the architect Daedalus and his son Icarus who were ordered to build it to hold the Minotaur.
- Greek Mythology Greek Gods Olympian Gods OLYMPIAN GODS I. THE TWELVE OLYMPIANS. The Twelve great gods of the Greeks were known as the Olympians. Together they presided over every aspect of human life. The goddess Hestia (listed here in the second rank) was sometimes included amongst the Twelve.
In astrology, Virgo is often depicted as a woman carrying grain, just like Demeter, the goddess of the harvest and one of the most powerful figures in Greek mythology. Demeter was Kronos and Rhea’s daughter and is usually portrayed as a mature woman, wearing a crown and bearing sheaves of wheat and a torch.
ABA A Thracian nymph loved by Poseidon.
ABARBAREE A Mysian nymph loved by the Trojan prince Bucolion.
ACESO (Akeso) The goddess of curing illness and healing wounds.
ACHELOIDES (Akheloides) The Naiad daughters of the river Achelous who attended the god in his river-bed palace.
ACHELOUS (Akheloios) A river of Aetolia in Greece and its god who wrestled Heracles for the hand of Deianeira but lost the contest with his horn.
ACHERON (Akheron) The underworld river of pain and its god.
ACHLYS (Akhlys) The ugly hag who personified the death-mist, the clouding of the eyes of the dead.
ACIS (Akis) A boy loved by the Nereid Galatea who was crushed beneath a rock by the jealous Cyclops Polyphemus and on his death transformed into a Sicilian river-god.
ACMON (1) (Akmon) One of the Dactyls.
ACMON (2) (Akmon) One of the monkey-like Cercopes.
ACRAEA (Akraia) A Naiad daughter of the river Asterion who with hher sisters Euboea and Prosymna nursed the infant goddess Hera.
ACRATUS (Akratos) The daemon of unmixed wine and incontinence.
ACTE (Akte) The ninth of the twelve Horai (Hours) and goddess of an hour of the afternoon.
ADEPHAGIA The goddess of gluttony.
ADICIA (Adikia) The female personification of injustice.
ADRASTEIA One of the nurses of Zeus in Crete.
AEA (Aia) A Nymph loved by the Colchian river-god Phasis.
AEACUS (Aiakos) One of the three Judges of the Underworld who was a king of Aegina appointed to the position after death.
AEDOS (Aidos) The goddess of modesty and respect. She and Nemesis were the last of the good spirits to depart from the earth in the final, corrupt age of mankind.
AEGAEON (1) (Aigaios) An ancient sea-god allied with theTitans.
AEGAEON (2) (Aigaion) One of the Gigantes who made war on the gods.
AEGAEUS (Aigaios) A river of Scheria, island of the Phaeacians, and its god.
AEGEIRUS (Aigeros) The Hamadryad nymph of the poplar tree.
AEGINA (Aigina) A Naiad daughter of the river Asopus who was abducted by Zeus to the island of Aegina. When her father pursued them Zeus struck him with a thunderbolt.
AEGIPAN (Aigipan) The fish-goat god. When Typhon attacked Olympus Aegipan suggested the gods flee to Egypt and hide there in the form of animals. In the exodus he took the form of a goat with the tail of a fish. Later he helped to free the captive Zeus and was placed amongst the stars as the constellation Capricorn.
AEGLE (1) (Aigle) Goddess of the splendour of good health.
AEGLE (2) (Aigle) The nymph mother of the Charites (Graces) by Helius the sun.
AELLO One of the Harpies.
AEOLUS (Aiolos) The god of the winds. He kept the storm-winds locked inside the floating island of Aeolia releasing them at the request of the gods.
AEON (Aion) The primordial god of time.
AERGIA The female personification of sloth.
AETHER (Aither) The primordial deity of the brightly shining, blue upper air.
AETNA (Aitna) Goddess of the volcanic Mount Etna in Sicily. She was one of the Ourea (mountain-gods).
AEX (1) (Aix) The goat-nymph wife of the god Pan.
AEX (2) (Aix) An elder Gorgon slain by Zeus who made his aegis arm-guard from its skin.
AGANIPPE A Naiad daughter of the river Termessus. She was the nymph of the sacred spring of the Muses on Mount Helicon whose waters possessed the power of inspiration.
AGDISTIS An hermraphroditic deity conceived when Zeus impregnated Earth with a nocturnal emission. The gods were alarmed by its form and castrated it to create the goddess Cybele.
AGLAEA (Aglaia) Goddess of beauty and one of the three Charites. She was married to Hephaestus after his divorce from Aphrodite.
AGON The male personification of contest.
AGREUS The marine god of fishing.
AGRIUS (1) (Agrios) One of the Gigantes (Giants) who was clubbed to death by the Moirae in the Giant-War.
AGRIUS (2) (Agrios) One of a pair of half-man, half-bear, Thracian giants who fed on the flesh of men.
AGROS The male personification of the produce of the fields.
ALALA The female personification of the war-cry 'alala.'
ALASTOR The daemon or spirit of the curse of the blood feud which avenged the sins of the father on a younger generation.
ALCE (Alke) The female personification of battle-strength and prowess.
ALCON (Alkon) One of the Cabeiri.
ALCYONE (Alkyone) One of the Pleiad star-nymphs who was loved by the god Poseidon.
ALCYONEUS (Alkyoneus) The strongest of the Gigantes (Giants). He was immortal but only within the boundaries of his homeland Pallene, so Heracles shot him and dragged him away from his home to die.
ALCYONIDES (Alkyonides) Seven nymph daughters of the giant Alcyoneus who leapt into the sea after their father's death and were transformed into kingfishers.
ALECTO (Alekto) One of the three Erinyes.
ALETHEIA The female personification of truth.
ALEXIARES An immortal son of Heracles and Hebe. He was the demi-god who wards off war.
ALEXIROE (Alexirhoe) A Naiad daughter of the river Grenicus of Troy.
ALGEA The female personifications of sorrow.
ALOADAE (Aloadai) Two gigantic sons of Poseidon who tried to storm the heavens by piling three mountains one upon the other. They were slain by Apollon and Artemis.
ALPHEUS (Alpheios) A river of Elis in Greece and its god. He fell in love with the nymph Arethusa and pursued her all the way to the island Ortygia in Sicily where Artemis transformed her into a spring to escape him.
ALPOS A monstrous Sicilian giant slain by Dionysos.
ALSEIDES Dryad-nymphs of the groves.
AMALTHEIA The she-goat nurse of the infant Zeus. She was placed amongst the stars as the constellation Capra and her horn transformed into the cornucopia (horn of plenty).
AMECHANIA (Amekhania) The female personification of helplessness.
AMNISIADES Naiad-nymph daughters of the river Amnisus who attended the goddess Artemis and tended her sacred, golden-horned deer.
AMNISUS (Amnisos) A river of Crete and its watery god.
AMPELUS (Ampelos) The satyr loved by Dionysus in his youth. When he was killed by a wild bull the god transformed him into a grape-vine.
AMPHIARAUS A hero who was swallowed up alive by the earth and transformed into an oracular daemon.
AMPHILOGIAE (Amphilogiai) The personifications of disputes.
AMPHITRITE The goddess-queen of the sea. She was one of the fifty Nereides and the wife of Poseidon.
AMYMONE A Danaid or Naiad-nymph of an Argive spring loved by the god Poseidon.
ANAIDEIA The female personification of ruthlessness.
ANANKE The primordial goddess of necessity and compulsion whose serpentine coils encircled the cosmos. Her consort was Chronos the god of time.
ANARESINEUS One of the fish-tailed sea gods.
ANATOLE The second of the twelve Horai (Hours). She was the goddess of the hour of dawn.
ANAX A Lydian giant.
ANCHIALE (Ankhiale) The Titan-goddess of the warmth of fire. She was the wife of Hecaterus, the Titan-god of the hands, and the mother of the metal-working Dactyls (the Fingers).
ANCHINOE (Ankhinoe) An Egyptian Naiad.
ANCHIROE (1) (Ankhiroe) An Arcadian Naiad-nymph.
ANCHIROE (2) (Ankhiroe) A Naiad daughter of the Libyan river Chrementes.
ANCHIROE (3) (Ankhiroe) A Naiad daughter of the river Erasinus in Greece who was an attendant of the vigin goddess Britomartis.
ANDROCTASIAE (Androktasiai) The personifications of manslaughter.
ANEMOI (1) The gods of the north, south, east and west winds. They lived together in a cave in Thrace or at the four corners of the earth. Boreas was the wintry god of the north-wind, Notus the stormy south, Zephryus the gentle west, and Eurus the blustery east-wind.
ANEMOI (2) Daemons of the storm winds born of the monster Typhoeus. They were locked inside the floating island of Aeolus and released at the command of Zeus to wreak havoc upon the earth.
ANGELIA The goddess of messages.
ANIA The female personification of trouble.
ANICETUS (Aniketos) An immortal son of Heracles and Hebe. He was the demi-god of unconquerable might.
ANIGRIDES Naiad daughters of the river-god Angrus whose sacred springs could cure those inflicted with skin diseases.
ANIGRUS (Anigros) A river of Elis in southern Greece and its god.
ANIPPE A Naiad daughter of the River Nile loved by Poseidon.
ANTAEUS (Antaios) A Libyan giant who drew his strength directly from his mother Gaia (the Earth). He was slain by Heracles in a wrestling match.
ANTEROS The Greek god of unrequited love who was armed with a bow and arrows of lead.
ANTHEIA The goddess of flowers and floral wreaths. She was an attendant of the goddess Aphrodite.
ANTHEDON A nymph of Boeotia in Greece.
ANTHRACIA (Anthrakia) One of the Arcadian nymphs who nursed the infant Zeus.
ANTIPHATES The king of the man-eating Laestrygon giants who was encountered by Odysseus on his travels.
ANYTUS (Anytos) An Arcadian Titan who fostered Demeter's daughter Despoena.
APATE The female personification of deceit.
APELIOTES The demi-god of the east-wind.
APHRODITE The goddess of love, beauty and intercourse, and one of the twelve, supreme Olympian gods. She was born of the sea-foam generated by the castrated genitals of the sky-god Uranus.
APHROS An Ichthyocentaur, or fish-tailed sea centaur, who brought the goddess Aphrodite ashore after her birth in the sea's foam.
APOLLO (Apollon) The god of prophecy, music and healing and one of the twelve great Olympians. His deadly arrows were the bringers of plague.
APORIA The personification of powerlessness and difficulty.
APOTHEOTHENAI Men and women granted immortality in the company of the gods.
ARAE (Arai) The female personifications of curses.
ARCE (Arke) A sister of the rainbow-goddess Iris. She was the messenger of the Titan-gods who was stripped of her wings and cast into Tartarus by Zeus.
ARES The god of war and bloodshed, one of the twelve supreme Olympians.
ARETE The goddesss of virtue and excellence.
ARETHUSA (Arethousa) The Naiad-nymph of a Sicilian spring who was chased across the sea by the lustful river-god Alpheus.
ARGES One of the three metal-working Cyclops.
ARGIOPE (1) A Nymph of Mount Parnassus who was abandoned by the poet Philammon.
ARGIOPE (2) An Eleusinian nymph.
ARGUS PANOPTES (Argos Panoptes) A giant whose body was covered with a hundred eyes. He was set by Hera to guard the maiden Io--a lover of Zeus who the god had disguised as a cow. After he was slain by Hermes, Hera placed his eyes on the tail of the peacock.
ARGYRA A sea-nymph of Achaea loved by the hero Selemnus.
ARIADNE A Cretan princess who helped Theseus defeat the Minotaur. During the voyage to Athens she was carried off by the god Dionysus to be his immortal wife.
ARIMASPIANS (Arimaspoi) A tribe of one-eyed Scythians who waged a continual war with the Griffins for mountain gold.
ARION (Areion) An immortal horse born of the goddess Demeter after Poseidon had violated her in the guise of a horse. Arion was owned first by Heracles and later by the hero Adrastus.
ARISTAEUS (1) (Aristaios) The rustic god of bee-keeping, cheese-making, olive-growing and hunting. He was a companion of his divine cousin Dionysus.
ARISTAEUS (2) (Aristaios) A Gigante (Giant) who fled the battle with the gods and was transformed into a dung-beetle.
ARTEMIS The goddess of hunting, wild animals, childbirth and children, and one of the twelve great Olympian gods. Her deadly arrows brought sudden death to women and girls.
ASBETON The daemon 'Charr' which plagued the craftsman-potter.
ASCALAPHUS (Askalaphos) An underworld spirit who tended the orchards of Hades. When he told his master that Persephone had tasted the seeds of the pomegranate Demeter transformed him into an accursed screech-owl.
ASCANIUS (Askanios) A river of Mysia and its liquid god.
ASCLEPIUS (Asklepios) The god of medicine. He was a student of the centaur Chiron who became so skilled in the art of healing that he could bring the dead back to life. Zeus struck him dead with a lightning-bolt for defying the natural order.
ASCRA (Askre) A Boeotian nymph loved by the god Poseidon.
ASIA (1) (Asie) The Oceanid wife of the Titan Iapetus who gave her name to a continent.
ASIA (2) (Asie) The Oceanid wife of the Titan Prometheus who gave her name to the continent of Asia.
ASOPIS A Naiad daughter of the river Asopus in southern Greece.
ASOPUS (Asopos) A river of Boeotia and Argos in southern Greece and its watery-god. He had twenty beautiful daughters who were all abducted by the gods. When he tried to recover his daughter Aegina from Zeus, the god scorched him with a lightning-bolt.
ASTERIA The Titan-goddess of nocturnal rites and mother of the witch Hecate. When Zeus pursued her, she transformed herself into a quail and leaping from heaven into the sea became the island of Delos.
ASTERION A river of Argos in the southern Greece and its god.
ASTERIUS (Asterios) A Lydian giant.
ASTERODEIA A nymph of the Caucasus mountains loved by King Aeetes of Colchis.
ASTEROPE An Oceanid-nymph loved by Zeus.
ASTRA PLANETA The gods of the five wandering stars or planets. Hesperus was the spirit of the star Venus and Pyroeis of Mars.
ASTRAEA (Astraia) The Titan-goddess of justice. She left the earth at the end of the Golden Age to become the constellation Virgo.
ASTRAEUS (1) (Astraios) The Titan-god of the stars and the arts of astronomy and astrology. He was the father of the four winds and the wandering stars (planets) by the dawn-goddess Eos.
ASTRAEUS (2) (Astraios) One of the Sileni--elderly satyrs in the retinue of Dionysus.
ASTRAPE The goddess of lightning, a handmaiden of the storm-god Zeus.
ASTRIS A nymph daughter of Helius the sun and wife of the Indian river-god Hydaspes.
ASTROTHESIAI The spirits of constellations. They mostly mortal men and creatures granted a place of honour amongst the stars of heaven
ASTYOCHE (Astyokhe) A Naiad-nymph daughter of the Trojan river Simoeis who married a king of Troy.
ATE The personification of error, delusion and blind folly who led men and gods alike to rash and inconsiderate action. Zeus grabbed her by the hair and tossed her out of heaven.
ATHENA (Athene) The goddess of wisdom, war and crafts, and one of the twelve supreme Olympians. She sprang fully grown and ready-armed from the head of Zeus.
ATLANTEIA A Dryad-nymph loved by King Danaus of Libya.
ATLANTIS (Atlantis) A lost island which was sunk beneath the sea by the gods as punishment for its people's wanton immorality.
ATLAS The Titan-god of daring who led the Titans in their war against the gods. He was condemned to bear the solid-dome of heaven upon his shoulders.
ATROPUS (Atropos) One of the three Fates.
ATTIS A eunuch attendant of the Phrygian goddess Cybele and the charioteer of her lion-drawn car. The goddess caused him to castrate himself when she discovered him in the arms of a nymph.
AUGE One of the Horae of the hours. She presided over the dawn-hour of first light.
AULONIADES Dryad-nymphs of the glens.
AURA The Titan-goddess of the breeze who was violated by Dionysus in the mountains of Phrygia.
AURAE (Aurai) Nymphs of the breezes.
AUTOMATONES Animated metal statues of animals and men crafted by the divine smith Hephaestus.
AUXESIA The Hora of spring growth.
AXIUS (Axios) A river of Paeonia and its watery god.
I. THE TWELVE OLYMPIANS
The Twelve great gods of the Greeks were known as the Olympians. Together they presided over every aspect of human life. The goddess Hestia (listed here in the second rank) was sometimes included amongst the Twelve.
II. OTHER OLYMPIAN GODS
A number of other gods were described as Olympian. Most of these were functionaries or minions of the Twelve. For example, the Horae belonged to Zeus, the Muses to Apollo, Eileithyia and Hebe to Hera, and the Erotes to Aphrodite.
CATEGORIES OF OLYMPIAN GODS
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The Olympian gods ('Theoi Olympioi') presided over ever facet of ancient life and were often grouped according to their common functions.
THE THEOI AGORAIOI were the gods of the 'agora' (the marketplace and people's assembly). Zeus, as the god of kings and princes, presided over the the assembly, alongside Athena, as goddess of wise counsel, Dike (Justice), Themis (Custom) and Calliope (Eloquence). The gods of the marketplace, on the other hand, were led by Hermes, the god of commerce, along with Hephaestus and Athena, the patron gods of artisans : weavers, potters, metalworkers, sculptors, etc. Apollo was another god of the marketplace.
THE THEOI DAITIOI were the gods of feasts and banquets. Dionysus, the god of wine, and Hestia, goddess of feasting, presided over these. They were accompanied by festive gods such as Aphrodite, goddess of pleasure, and the Charites, goddesses of joy, dancing and other amusements. The Theoi Mousikoi, or gods of music, also accompanied the feast.
THE THEOI GAMELIOI were the gods of marriage. The first of these were Zeus, Hera, and Aphrodite, but others included Hymenaios (Wedding Song), the Erotes (Loves), Peitho (Persuasion), the Charites (Graces), Eunomia (Good Order), Harmonia (Harmony) and Hebe (Youth).
THE THEOI GEORGIKOI were the gods of agriculture. Olympian Demeter was their leader, but for the most part these were non-Olympian chthonic gods. See the Gods of Agriculture page for more information.
THE THEOI GYMNASTIKOI were the gods of the gymnasium, athletics and the Games. The first of these were Hermes, Heracles and the Dioscuri. Nike (Victory) and Agon (Contest) were minor daemones of the Games. Eros, as the god of comradeship, was also frequently worshipped in the gymnasia.
THE THEOI HALIOI were the gods of the sea led by King Poseidon. Several of the other Olympian gods had minor maritime roles including Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite and the Dioscuri who presided over embarkations, harbours, safe voyage, and salvation from storms. Most of this class of god, however, were non-Olympian marine divinities.
THE THEOI IATRIKOI were the gods of medicine and healing. These belonged to the train of Apollo and included his son the medicine-god Asclepius, and his family : Epione (Soothing), Hygeia (Good Health), Panaceia (Curative), Aegle (Radiance), Iaso (Healing), Aceso (Cure) and Telesphorus (Accomplisher).
THE THEOI KTESIOI were the gods of house and home. They were led by Zeus protector of the home (Ctesius) and of the family courtyard (Hicesius) along with Hestia, the goddess of the hearth. Hecate and Hermes were also important household gods who protected the gates and entranceways.
THE THEOI MANTIKOI were the gods of oracles, divination and prophecy. These were led by Apollo, the god or oracles and seers, and Zeus, the god of fate. Other oracular gods included the Titanesses Phoeibe (at Delphi) Themis (at Delphi and Dodona), Dione (at Dodona) and Mnemosyne (at Lebadeia). The god Hermes presided over certain primitive forms of diviniation including the casting of stones, coin-throwing oracles, and astrology. Lastly Pan and the Nymphs inspired the rustic prophets.
THE THEOI NOMIOI were the gods of the countryside and country pursuits, including hunting, fowling, fishing, and the herding of cattle and sheep. They were led by the Olympians Artemis (for hunting), Hermes (for herding) and Dionysus. The rest of the rustic gods were mostly non-Olympian divinities. See the Theoi Nomioi page for more information on these.
THE THEOI MOUSIKOI were the gods of music, dance and education in the arts. They were led by the Olympian twins Apollo and Artemis, the former presiding over music and poetry, and the latter over the choirs and dances of girls. Other important musical gods included the nine Muses, the dancing Charites or Graces, and the musical demi-gods Hymenaeus and Linos. Dionysus, Hermes and Aphrodite were also gods of music and the arts.
THE THEOI POLEMIKOI were the gods of war. These were led by Ares and Athena, and included gods such as Enyo, Eris (Strife), Nike (Victory), Deimos (Terror) and Phobos (Fear). Zeus, as the god of fate, and Apollo, as god of archery, also had wartime functions.
THE THEOI THESMIOI were the gods of divine law and custom. These were led by Zeus Nomius (of the Laws) and Demeter Thesmophorus (the Law Bringer). Lesser gods in this sphere included the Horae, specifically Dike (Justice), Eunomia (Good Order), and Irene (Peace), their mother Themis (Custom), and Apollo.
A COMPLETE LIST OF OLYMPIAN GODS & GODDESSES
AGLAEA (Aglaia) The goddess of beauty and adornment. She was one of the three Charites and the wife of the god Hephaestus.
AEGLE (Aigle) The goddess of the radiant glow of good health. She was a daughter of the medicine-god Asclepius.
AKESO The goddess of curing illness. She was one of the daughters of Asclepius.
ALEXIARES A son of the god Heracles, who with his brother Anicetus guarded the gates of Olympus. His name means 'the unconquerable.'
ANICITUS (Aniketos) A son of the god Heraces, named 'he-who-wards off war.' He was one of the gate-keepers of Olympus.
APHRODITE One of the ruling twelve great Olympians. She was the goddess of love, beauty and procreation. Alongside Zeus and Hera, she was also the leader of the Theoi Gamelioi or gods of marriage.
APOLLO (Apollon) One of the twelve great Olympian gods. He was the god of music, prophecy and healing, and the leader of both the Theoi Mousikoi (gods of music) and Theoi Mantikoi (gods of prophecy).
ARES The great Olympian god of war and conflict. He was the leader of the Theoi Polemikoi or gods of war.
ARIADNE The wife of the god Dionysos. She was granted a seat beside her husband amongst the gods of heavens.
ARTEMIS One of the twelve ruling Olympians, Artemis was the goddess of hunting, wild animals, childbirth and children. She was also a death-dealing goddess who brought sudden death to women with her arrows. Alongside her brother Apollo she was a leader of the Theoi Mousikoi or gods of music, presiding over maiden song and dance.
ASCLEPIUS The god of medicine and healing. He was originally a mortal man who was destroyed by Zeus for the crime of restoring the dead to life. Afterwards he was welcomed into Olympus as a god.
ATHENA One of the twelve great Olympians, Athena was the goddess of war, fortifications and the defence of towns, and of good counsel and heroic endeavour. She was also a patron goddess of craftsmen, presiding over the arts of weaving, pottery, carpentry and the manufacture of oil.
BIA The goddess of force. She was one of four winged daemones who stood attendant on the throne of Zeus.
CALLIOPE (Kalliope) The leader of the nine Muses, and goddess of epic poetry. She also bestowed the gift of eloquence upon kings and princes.
CHARITES (Kharites) The goddesses of joy, pleasure, mirth, beauty, dancing, feasts and banquets. The three Graces were handmaidens of the goddesses Hera and Aphrodite, and attendants of Dionysus. They were numbered amongst the Theoi Gamelioi (gods of marriage) and Theoi Datioi (gods of the banquet).
CLYMENE (Klymene) The Titan goddess of fame and renown. She was a handmaiden of the goddess Hera.
CLIO (Kleio) The Muse of historical writings.
CRATUS The god of strength and power. He was one of four winged Daemones who stood attendant by the throne of Zeus.
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DEIMUS (Deimos) The god of fear. He was a son of Ares who accompanied his father on the battlefield.
DEMETER One of the twelve great Olympian gods, Demeter was the goddess of agriculture : from the ploughing of the earth, to the milling of grain for flour.
DIKE The goddess of justice, who reported the misdemeanors of man to her father Zeus. She was one of the three Horae, goddesses of the seasons and heavenly order.
DIONE The Titaness mother of the goddess Aphrodite. She was a prophetic goddess, associated with the great oracle of Zeus at Dodona.
DIONYSUS (Dionysos) One of the twelve great Olympian gods. He was the god of wine, viticulture, and wild vegetation.
DIOSCURI (Dioskouroi) The gods of horsemen and gymnasia, patron gods of the Games, and protectors of sailors. Castor and Polydeuces, the Dioscuri twins, were originally a pair of mortal heroes. When Polydeuces was offered immortality by his father Zeus he insisted on sharing the benefaction with his brother. As a result the pair spent alternating days in heaven and the netherworld.
EILEITHYIA The goddess of childbirth and the pains of labour. She was a daughter of Zeus and Hera.
EIRENE The goddess of peace. She was one of the three Horae, goddesses of the heavenly order and the seasons.
ENYO The goddess of war, a companion of Ares.
EPIONE The goddess of the soothing of pain. She was the wife of the medicine-god Asclepius.
ERATO The Muse of love poetry and mimicry.
ERIS The goddess of strife. She was a sister and companion of the god Ares.
EROS The god of love and sexual desire. He was the son and divine minion of the goddess Aphrodite.
EROTES Thewinged gods of love. A flock of these or three (Himerus, Pothos and Eros) accompanied the goddess Aphrodite.
EUNOMIA The goddess of good order. She was one of the three Horae and an attendant of Aphrodite who was numbered amongst the Theoi Gamelioi or gods of marriage.
EUPHROSYNE The goddess of merriment and good cheer. She was one of the three sister Charites.
EURYNOME The goddess of flowery pastures. Eurynome was mother of the Charites and a handmaiden of the goddess Hera.
EUTERPE One of the nine Muses. She presided over lyric poetry.
GANYMEDES The cupbearer of Zeus who served nectar at the feasts of the gods. He was originally a Trojan prince whose beauty caught the eye of Zeus.
HARMONIA The goddess of harmony. As a daughter of Ares and Aphrodite she was both a goddess of war (one of the Theoi Polemikoi) and of marriage (one of the Theoi Gamelioi). Harmonia represented unity and harmonious action.
HEBE The goddess of youth. She was one of the Theoi Gamelioi or gods of marriage, a daughter of Zeus and Hera, and wife of Heracles.
HEPHAESTUS (Hephaistos) One of the twelve ruling gods of Olympus. Hephaestus was the craftsman's god presiding over metalworking, building, sculpture, and artistry.
HERA The Queen of the gods, and wife of Zeus. Hera was the goddess of women, and the leader of the Theoi Gamelioi or gods of marriage. She was also a goddess of the sky and stars.
HERACLES The greatest of the Greek heroes. Upon his death he was welcomed into Olympus, becoming the gatekeeper of heaven, and the god of strength and heroic endeavour and the averter of evil.
HERMES One of the twelve great Olympian gods. He was the herald of Zeus, and thegod of herds and flocks, the country arts, travel, trade, merchants, and thievery.
HESTIA The goddess of the hearth. With Zeus she was the leader of the gods of house and home, who also presided over the feast and the altar flame. Like Artemis and Athena she was a maiden goddess.
HIMERUS (Himeros) The god of sexual desire. The Erotes Himerus, Pothus and Eros were minions of the goddess Aphrodite.
HORAE The goddesses of the seasons and the ordering of heaven. Individually they presided over peace (Eirene), justice (Dike) and good order (Eunomia). The Horae were also guardians of the gates of heaven and handmaidens of the goddess Hera.
HYGEIA The goddess of good health, one of the many daughters of Asclepius.
HYMENAEUS (Hymenaios) The god of the weddings and the marriage hymn. He was a winged minion of the goddess Aphrodite, numbered amongst the gods of marriage.
IASO The goddess of cures and remedies, a daughter of the medicine-god Asclepius.
IRIS The goddess of the rainbow and messenger of the gods. She was the personal handmaiden of the goddess Hera.
LETO The Titan goddess of motherhood and womanly demure. She was the mother of the twin Olympians Apollo and Artemis.
LEUCIPPIDES (Leukippides) The goddess wives of the Dioscuri twins. They were originally mortal princesses who were carried up to heaven by the gods.
LITAE (Litai) The elderly goddesses of prayer who delivered the prayers of men to the gods in heaven.
MELPOMENE The goddess muse of tragedy plays.
MOIRAI (Moirae) The three goddesses of fate who spun the thread of human destiny. They were attendants of Zeus Moiragete ('Leader of the Fates').
MUSES (Mousai) Nine sister goddesses of music, song, dance and the other arts. They were minions of the god Apollo Musagete ('Leader of the Muses'), and sang as a choir at the feasts of the gods.
NIKE The goddess of victory. She was one of four winged siblings who guarded the throne of Zeus, the others being Bia, Cratus and Zelus. Nike was also Zeus' personal charioteer.
OCEANIDES (Okeanides) Goddess and nymph daughters of the great earth-encircling river Oceanus. Horoscope travail capricorne mars 2021. Many of these were handmaidens of the Olympian gods, including Artemis' troupe, Demeter's entourage, Hera's Clymene and Aphrodite's Peitho.
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PAEON (Paion) The physician of the Olympian gods. He was perhaps the same as Asclepius.
PANACEIA (Panakeia) The goddess of curatives, literally named 'All-Cure.' She was one of the daughters of the medicine god Asclepius.
PEITHO The goddess of persuasion and seductive speech. She was a handmaiden of Aphrodite and one of the Theoi Gamelioi (gods of marriage).
PHOBUS (Phobos) The god of panic. He was one of the Theoi Polemikoi (gods of war), a minion of his father Ares.
POLYHYMNIA The goddess muse of religious hymns. She was also known as Polymnia
POSEIDON The King of the sea and one of the twelve ruling gods of Olympus. He weas also the lord of rivers, lakes and other sources of fresh-water, and the god of horses and chariots. Unlike the other Olympian gods he had his residence in the sea rather than heaven, although he still attended all the councils and feasts of the heavenly gods.
POTHUS (Pothos) The god of sexual yearning. He was a winged Erote (Love-God) in the service of Aphrodite.
PSYCHE (Psykhe) The goddess of the soul and wife of the god Eros.
TERPSICHORE (Terpsikhore) The Muse of choral dance and song.
THALIA (1) (Thalia) The Muse of comedy drama and idyllic poetry.
THALIA (2) The goddess of banquets and festivities. She was one of the three Graces (Charites).
Which Greek God Represents Each Zodiac Sign
THEMIS The Titan goddess of divine law and order, custom and tradition. She was also a prophetic goddess, the leader of the assembly, and the personal councillor of Zeus.
THYONE The mother of the god Dionysus. Thyone is the divine name of Semele, who was brought to Olympus by her son subsequent to her death.
TYCHE (Tykhe) The goddess of good fortune. She was sometimes represented as a handmaiden of the goddess Hera.
URANIA (Ourania) The goddess Muse of astronomy and astronomical writings.
Greek God Astrology
ZELUS (Zelos) The god of rivalry and competition. He was one of four winged Daemones who guarded the throne of Zeus.
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ZEUS The great King of the Gods, ruler of Olympos and the Heavens, and leader of the Twelve. He was the god of the sky, weather, kings, fate, law and order.